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    Projektinfo 14/2016

    Steel pistons for more efficient diesel engines

    With a new cooling concept, an automotive industry supplier is expanding the range of applications for steel pistons in diesel engines. The Stuttgart-based company is testing a liquid alloy comprising sodium and potassium, which dissipates heat from the particularly thermally loaded piston head. This innovative steel piston concept is designed to enable even further increases in the specific power of car diesel engines. In the case of long-running engines for industrial applications and commercial vehicles, the component and engine oil load is significantly reduced while the expected service life and oil change intervals are prolonged.  more...
     

    The hotline in the grid

    The electricity grid that has been used for decades reaches its limits when transporting increasing amounts of electricity over long distances. There are already limiting bottlenecks. One way to integrate more wind and solar power into the grid is provided by overhead lines with a higher maximum temperature. These can transport more electricity, enabling grid congestion to be avoided. One problem, though, is that metals expand more at high temperatures. As a result the line lengthens and sags more. However, special high-temperature conductors can provide a remedy here.  more...
     

    Measuring wind potential in low mountain ranges

    One of the highest meteorological masts in Europe is situated on Rödeser Berg, a hill near Kassel. The research facility with its measurement devices records the wind conditions up to a height of 200 metres. The aim is to measure the impact of forest areas and low mountain ranges on the wind profile and flow characteristics. The results will help to improve the meteorological models for assessing sites, will make it possible to estimate the loads on individual system components in more detail and will help to further develop the laser-based LiDAR method.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 11/2016

    Metal foam – a material for heat engineering

    Metal foams are increasingly developing into materials with diverse uses. While metal foams with closed pores have already become established as rigid and strong lightweight materials, the open-cell variant is suitable for thermal engineering applications. Until now, the material has been rarely used in heat exchangers or coolers because the production is expensive and its application little tested. Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM in Dresden now want to change this.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 10/2016

    Fuel cell generates electricity and heat for homes

    Highly efficient, low-emission and quiet: as small-scale combined-heat-and-power stations, new fuel cell heating units produce heat energy and electrical energy with an efficiency of over 90 per cent. They have proven themselves in extensive tests in single and two-family homes, and their operation and design have been improved incrementally. The first units are now on the market. They run on natural gas, and on hydrogen and methane produced using renewable energy or biomass. Decentralised fuel cells can generate demand-oriented electricity, and they can be used in a grid-friendly or grid-independent way.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 09/2016

    Assessing solar houses in energy and economic terms

    With the German Energy Savings Ordinance 2016, the maximum value allowed for the annual primary energy requirement for new residential buildings has been reduced by a quarter. This is not a problem in solar houses: they require a maximum of 15 kWh/(m2p.a.) of primary energy for heating energy and auxiliary power and are therefore well below the requirements of passive houses. The cost of this good CO2 balance can be determined using a newly developed simulation method.  more...
     

    Fun in a passive house pool

    The monitoring shows that the thermal heat and electricity consumption can be reduced even further during ongoing operation if the building is well-regulated, optimised and continually monitored. The public swimming pool complex in Bamberg consumes over 50 per cent less heat than comparable leisure pool facilities. A thermally high-quality building envelope allows indoor air humidities of up to 64 per cent. This reduces the pool water's evaporation rate and the necessary air change rate for providing dehumidification. This therefore also reduces the electricity and heating requirements.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 07/2016

    Dry lignite increases flexibility

    Shoulder to shoulder with the energy transition: Coal plants are becoming more flexible to enable more energy from renewable sources to be used to supply the electricity grid. The output from renewable sources is currently not enough to meet the entire energy demand in Germany at all times. But their share is growing. This is transforming the role of conventional power plants: instead of providing constant base loads, they now have to cover fluctuating residual loads. To achieve this, pilot burners with integrated plasma ignition are being used for the first time in the world at a power plant in Jänschwalde in Brandenburg. These are using dry lignite as the fuel.  more...
     

    Clean heating with wood

    Despite considerable advances in firing technology, harmful particulate matter is produced when wood is combusted. Electrostatic separators, however, filter up to 90 per cent of particulate emissions from biomass boilers. These therefore enable wood burners to use a wider range of fuel and still meet the tightened requirements of Germany‘s 1st Ordinance on the Implementation of the Federal Immission Control Act. The major advantage: Both new and old heating plants can benefit from the new system.  more...
     

    Generating syngas from plastic wastes

    A newly developed gasification process utilises waste plastics, carbon-containing sorting residues and rubber parts as well as shredded materials in the automotive industry. It can also process chlorine-containing plastic streams with PVC fractions in an environmentally friendly and efficient manner. It produces a purified syngas without flue gas emissions. In the process, lime serves as a transport medium and simultaneously binds halogens and other harmful substances. The gas generated in the shaft kiln can replace valuable primary energy sources such as natural gas in high-temperature processes or be used to generate electricity in efficient gas engines.  more...
     

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Popular articles

Temperature firmness of overhead lines
The hotline in the grid
Application of renewable heating and cooling systems
Using geothermal energy in office buildings
Long-term measurements on a 200-metre-high met mast near Kassel
Measuring wind potential in low mountain ranges
Efficiency study on solar power generation
Solar thermal and photovoltaic power plants in comparison