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    Clean use of landfill gas

    In the production of landfill gas, other gases are produced alongside the desired methane that damage motors and turbines. To protect these plant components, trace compounds of organic silicon contained in the gases are separated beforehand, e.g. by means of adsorption. The high consumption of the adsorbent, however, endangers the efficiency of the process. A research team has developed an on-site regeneration method for the adsorbent. This can increase the efficiency of the energy recovery of landfill gas.  more...
     

    Creating microclimates in ovens

    Fan-forced or convection ovens can be found today in many households. They work very efficiently if they are used for longer baking or roasting processes and are fully loaded. However, the devices are not optimised for preparing snacks or small dishes with a short cooking time. In the “ecoBack” project, researchers are investigating how a microclimate adapted to the food can reduce the energy requirement.  more...
     

    Energy from waste water supplies urban district

    Using waste water with organic substrates to produce biogas makes it possible to meet a large part of the electricity and heat demand in urban districts. This is being implemented on the site of former army barracks in Hamburg. This is where the new Jenfelder Au urban neighbourhood is being created with around 770 residential units. The drainage and energy concept provides for separate drainage of the domestic sewage already within the buildings and the conversion of the black water into biogas. The aim is to supply CO2-neutral heating.  more...
     

    Stabilising the grid with wind power

    In future it is intended that photovoltaic systems and wind farms contribute more to the stability of the electricity grid. They could then replace some of the fossil fuel capacities that until now have had to be used for the sole purpose of balancing out frequency variations. In a study, methods have been developed that can be used for intermittent renewable energies when bidding to supply control reserve as part of regular tendering periods.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 07/2014

    Producing animal feed with less electricity and heat

    Keepers of livestock including cattle, pigs and poultry expect a consistently high quality of feed for their animals, regardless of the fluctuating properties of natural raw materials. This customer’s requirement is a top priority for producers. Energy efficiency is becoming an issue due to cost pressure and environmental awareness. Researchers at the University of Bremen are developing an expert system for process control. The system will serve to minimise energy use while at least maintaining product quality.  more...
     

    Durable diesel engine with electronic control

    The engine manufacturers Hatz developed a diesel engine in the performance class of up to 56 kW with a common-rail injection system. Combined with a more compact design, the Lower Bavarian engineering company significantly reduced consumption. They also reduced both nitrogen oxide emissions with exhaust gas recirculation, and soot particle emissions with an entirely new combustion system. The engine concept developed in the research project is the foundation for a new line of water-cooled diesel engines.  more...
     

    Energy-saving production of special-purpose glass

    Glass production is very energy-intensive. Depending on the size and efficiency of the melting furnace, it requires roughly four to nine gigajoules per tonne. Researchers at Schott are using a new method to optimise the refinement step in the production of special-purpose glass. Using an uncooled crucible saves about 40 per cent energy.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 04/2014

    Swift construction of pipelines

    The laying of pipes, for example for heating networks, has previously been a labour intensive and time consuming occupation. With the newly developed “Pipe Express” method, a special tunnel boring machine drills through the ground at speeds of up to 1.2 metres per minute and conveys the soil directly to the surface instead of displacing it sideways. At the same time, the steel or concrete pipe is inserted into the horizontal borehole. In comparison with the open cut method, the process requires less than a fifth of the normal trench width and can also be used without lowering the groundwater level.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 03/2014

    Making machine tools work more efficiently

    When machine tools process complex components, often only about 20 % of the energy deployed flows into the actual metal cutting processes. The main loads tend to be peripheral machine components, such as cooling systems or hydraulic drives. In the Maxiem project, scientists from the Technische Universtät Darmstadt and industrial partners are showing how this energy requirement can, in ideal cases, be more than halved.  more...
     

    Energy from a thousand suns

    Multi-junction solar cells were originally developed as energy sources for space flight applications. Their output is high but their manufacture is complex. With their perfectly matched layers, the cells utilise a much wider spectrum of sunlight than silicon cells. For terrestrial use, the multi-junction solar cells are combined with concentrator systems. Like a magnifying glass, these focus a hundred- to thousand-fold concentrated beam of light onto the pinhead-sized solar cells. For this purpose, a solar tracker is used to enable the entire system to track the precise position of the sun. A new record solar cell has achieved an efficiency of more than 44 per cent.  more...
     

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