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    Projektinfo 10/2016

    Fuel cell generates electricity and heat for homes

    Highly efficient, low-emission and quiet: as small-scale combined-heat-and-power stations, new fuel cell heating units produce heat energy and electrical energy with an efficiency of over 90 per cent. They have proven themselves in extensive tests in single and two-family homes, and their operation and design have been improved incrementally. The first units are now on the market. They run on natural gas, and on hydrogen and methane produced using renewable energy or biomass. Decentralised fuel cells can generate demand-oriented electricity, and they can be used in a grid-friendly or grid-independent way.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 09/2016

    Assessing solar houses in energy and economic terms

    With the German Energy Savings Ordinance 2016, the maximum value allowed for the annual primary energy requirement for new residential buildings has been reduced by a quarter. This is not a problem in solar houses: they require a maximum of 15 kWh/(m2p.a.) of primary energy for heating energy and auxiliary power and are therefore well below the requirements of passive houses. The cost of this good CO2 balance can be determined using a newly developed simulation method.  more...
     

    Fun in a passive house pool

    The monitoring shows that the thermal heat and electricity consumption can be reduced even further during ongoing operation if the building is well-regulated, optimised and continually monitored. The public swimming pool complex in Bamberg consumes over 50 per cent less heat than comparable leisure pool facilities. A thermally high-quality building envelope allows indoor air humidities of up to 64 per cent. This reduces the pool water's evaporation rate and the necessary air change rate for providing dehumidification. This therefore also reduces the electricity and heating requirements.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 07/2016

    Dry lignite increases flexibility

    Shoulder to shoulder with the energy transition: Coal plants are becoming more flexible to enable more energy from renewable sources to be used to supply the electricity grid. The output from renewable sources is currently not enough to meet the entire energy demand in Germany at all times. But their share is growing. This is transforming the role of conventional power plants: instead of providing constant base loads, they now have to cover fluctuating residual loads. To achieve this, pilot burners with integrated plasma ignition are being used for the first time in the world at a power plant in Jänschwalde in Brandenburg. These are using dry lignite as the fuel.  more...
     

    Clean heating with wood

    Despite considerable advances in firing technology, harmful particulate matter is produced when wood is combusted. Electrostatic separators, however, filter up to 90 per cent of particulate emissions from biomass boilers. These therefore enable wood burners to use a wider range of fuel and still meet the tightened requirements of Germany‘s 1st Ordinance on the Implementation of the Federal Immission Control Act. The major advantage: Both new and old heating plants can benefit from the new system.  more...
     

    Generating syngas from plastic wastes

    A newly developed gasification process utilises waste plastics, carbon-containing sorting residues and rubber parts as well as shredded materials in the automotive industry. It can also process chlorine-containing plastic streams with PVC fractions in an environmentally friendly and efficient manner. It produces a purified syngas without flue gas emissions. In the process, lime serves as a transport medium and simultaneously binds halogens and other harmful substances. The gas generated in the shaft kiln can replace valuable primary energy sources such as natural gas in high-temperature processes or be used to generate electricity in efficient gas engines.  more...
     

    Keeping a cool head in the summer heat

    Many present-day office and administrative buildings are not air conditioned. When the temperatures rise during the summer, this can have a negative effect on the thermal comfort of the users. Scientists analysed what effect improved protection against the sun and the use of ceiling fans can have on user behaviour and satisfaction. So-called comfort models are also important influencing factors.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 03/2016

    Developing robust pumps for geothermal energy

    Systems for using deep geothermal energy need special pump systems. These are up to 36 meters long and weigh eight tonnes. They must be able to withstand high temperatures and high flow rates, as well as mineralrich water. Pumps for geothermal energy have been tested during several field tests and on the largest high-temperature test loop in the world, and have been significantly improved. The prototypes already fulfil the development goals to a large degree. By 2017, key components will have been further developed ready for serial production.  more...
     

    Modelling power supply for 2050

    By 2050, the goal is for renewable energy sources to generate at least 80 per cent of power. In order to then still guarantee reliable supply at affordable prices, the entire energy system must be adapted and converted in a step-by-step process. The increasing share of fluctuating energy sources requires a flexible system that can react quickly. A research project demonstrates the degree of grid expansion, storage and new regulation opportunities that are technically required for this purpose, and which make economic sense.  more...
     
    Projektinfo 01/2016

    Energy-plus concept tested on housing estate

    A housing estate was built on an industrial waste ground with over 180 residential units built to energy-plus standards. But how much does it cost to operate this low-energy building type in an energy efficient way? And how much influence do the residents have over energy consumption? To find out, researchers from the Munich University of Applied Sciences and the Dresden Technical University monitored the area by taking measurements, and optimised the technology in operation. A software programme also visualised the energy consumption for the residents.  more...
     

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