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    Concrete sphere in the sea successfully stores electricity

    How can energy be stored near offshore wind farms in the future? Researchers have developed a new storage system that works with hollow spheres on the seabed. The principle is similar to conventional pumped storage power plants. At the end of 2016, the researchers at Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology IWES tested a three-metre concrete prototype in Lake Constance. The test results are highly promising.  more...
     
    News 19.12.2016

    Networked factory stabilises the grid

    The factory of the future is flexible and networks the energy flows between machinery and buildings. The so-called Phi Factory is not only very energy-efficient, it also helps stabilise the electrical supply grid. The new model factory relies on a high share of renewable energy and helps smooth out electricity supply fluctuations.  more...
     

    Impact of defects can be calculated

    Large wind turbine components are made of cast iron with spheroidal graphite. During their production, however, chemical reactions can cause defects. These casting defects are called dross and their impact on component lifetime has, to date, only been evaluated using assumed material characteristics. There is a measure of uncertainty involved in providing evidence of their occurance. New non-destructive test methods should now be able to evaluate dross more reliably.  more...
     
    News 14.12.2016

    Refurbishment roadmaps for districts

    So far, the rate of refurbishment of the building stock has been around one per cent. How could the annual refurbishment rate be increased significantly – to about three per cent? Together with municipalities, researchers are looking into obstacles while developing refurbishment plans for differently structured model districts. As planning instruments, these plans are intended to help municipalities tap into previously unused refurbishment potentials.  more...
     
    News 24.11.2016

    FLOX burners turn mega

    In many high-temperature processes, so-called FLOX burners provide optimum fuel utilisation with low pollutant emissions. Flameless oxidation – known as FLOX – has already become established in the middle output range between 20 and 300 kilowatts. Scientists are now working as part of the Mega-FLOX project to expand the output range. This opens up new areas of application.  more...
     

    It's turbulent offshore

    In offshore wind farms, the front turbines receive the most wind. They cause kilometre-long vortexes with slower wind and increased turbulence, which affects the downstream wind turbines. Previous methods that mimic such wakes are inaccurate or require considerable computation. In order to better understand these wake effects, scientists have therefore developed a new model and software to help optimise farms.  more...
     

    Solar thermal and photovoltaic power plants in comparison

    How will the market for photovoltaic and solar thermal power plants develop in the coming decades? Which technology is economically more efficient? And what opportunities are offered by combined power plant systems in sunny regions? A study carried out by the German Aerospace Centre (DLR) has investigated the development of these power plants until 2030.  more...
     
    News 26.10.2016

    Learning and working in an energy-plus school

    Uhland School in Stuttgart, which dates back to the 1950s, no longer accorded with today's structural and energetic standards. The renovation work is now almost complete and the City of Stuttgart is getting its first energy-plus school. A photovoltaic system on the roof and façade of the building covers the electricity requirement.  more...
     

    Processing and recycling titanium waste

    Titanium components account for up to 15 per cent of the total weight of modern aircraft. The material is light and very stable. However, up to 95 per cent of the original titanium is left over as waste chips during the entire manufacturing process. These are contaminated and until now it has not been possible to recycle them so that they are suitable for reuse in aircraft construction. Scientists have therefore developed a method that can process and recycle titanium chips with high purity.  more...
     
    News 10.10.2016

    Storing surplus electricity in the natural gas network

    Surplus electricity can be used in Power-to-Gas systems to generate hydrogen by means of electrolysis. Downstream methanation provides a possibility for storing the remaining gas that cannot be directly used or fed into the natural gas network. The initial, highly promising results for a newly developed biological process have now been presented. The test facility has a low energy requirement and the process is continuous. The system is suitable for decentralised and small systems.  more...
     

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